Old Tamil Poetry

Translations of Tamil Poetic works that span 2000 years

Inna Naarpathu – 31

To sing with an untuned harp is much of a pain;
Auspicious day prediction by untrained astrologer is a pain;
Sound of a tuning-paste-less drum is a pain;
Likewise painful is enmity of the uncouth.

பண் அமையா யாழின்கீழ்ப் பாடல் பெரிது இன்னா;
எண் அறியா மாந்தர் ஒழுக்கு நாள் கூற்று இன்னா;
மண் இல் முழவின் ஒலி இன்னா; ஆங்கு இன்னா,
தன்மை இலாளர் பகை.

When a harp is untuned, to sing with it causes much pain to the singer. When an astrologer in untrained, selection of auspicious day by him causes pain to those who ask  him. The center of a drum is covered with a black paste (made of clay, iron oxide and other ingredients). This paste is important for the sound produced by the drum. Sound produced by a drum without tuning paste will be painful. Similar to these three, enmity of a graceless person is extremely painful. They will not stick to the standards of propriety expected in an adversary.

பண் – tune
அமையா – அமையாத – not set
யாழ் – harp
இன்னா – misery / agony / pain
எண் அறியா மாந்தர் – one who doesn’t know to calculate – untrained astrologer
ஒழுக்கு நாள் – right day / auspicious dau
கூற்று – saying / prediction
மண் – tuning paste (of drums)
முழவு – drum
ஆங்கு – likewise
தன்மை இலாளர் – grace less
பகை – enmity / hostility

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2 thoughts on “Inna Naarpathu – 31

  1. dagalti on said:

    Have you also felt this: in innA nARpadhu, technically the தளை and all is fine, but there is still an overall feeling that something’s not perfectly set-in rhythm.

    ஒரு விகற்ப நேரிசை வெண்பா – ஆனா ஏதோ ஓசைக்குறைபாடு உள்ளது போல ஒலிக்கிறது or I am not reading it right. I’ve felt it in 2-3 others too.Just wanted to mention as this one starts with பண் அமையா 🙂


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